Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy, radiotherapy and irradiation all mean the same thing. Radiation therapy is an integral part of comprehensive cancer care. It uses focused beams of energy to destroy cancer cells, shrink tumours and relieve symptoms. More than half of cancer patients will undergo some sort of radiation therapy.

Radiation therapy may be used to:

  • cure cancer
  • slow the growth of cancer cells, or
  • reduce discomfort such as pain

Radiation stops cells from growing, and spreading. When the cancer cells die, your body is able to get rid of them just like it gets rid of other waste products in the body.

Normal cells may also be damaged by the radiation, but they are able to repair themselves.

Radiation can be used as a single treatment or in combination with other therapies such as surgery and or chemotherapy. Radiation treatment is subdivided as external beam radiation and brachytherapy (internal). External beam radiation treatment is non-invasive and delivers precise and focused high-energy x-rays. Brachytherapy radiation is delivered internally by placing radioactive material in the body near tumours.

The radiation therapy team at CancerCare Manitoba includes radiation oncologists, radiation therapists, primary nurses, and radiation treatment nurses. You can ask any member of your team questions at any time; this will help us provide you with the best possible care.

Site Specific Treatment Information

Bladder Bone Pain Brain Tumours Breast or Chestwall
Chest or Abdomen Colon, Rectum & Anus Difficulty Swallowing Esophagus
General Information Sheet Gynecologic Cancers Head & Neck Limbs
Liver SBRT Information Lung Pelvis Prostate
Skin Spine SBRT Information Whole Brain  


CT Simulation Preparation

If you need the following additional CT Simulation preparation; you will receive a phone call from a radiation therapist prior to your CT simulation appointment.

How to Reduce Gas in your Large Bowel During Prostate Radiation Therapy

Breath Hold for Radiation Treatment Planning

Radiation therapy is administered at the following locations:

CancerCare Manitoba

Radiation Therapy Department
675 McDermot Avenue, Winnipeg, MB

Radiation Treatment Reception Desk
Phone: 204-787-2252
Monday - Friday 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.

CCMB Main Floor Reception Desk
Phone: 204-787-2197
Monday - Friday 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.

Radiation Therapy - Map of Basement Level 0

Western Manitoba Cancer Centre
Radiation Therapy Department
300 McTavish Avenue East, Brandon, MB

Reception Desk
Phone: 204-578-2222
Monday - Friday 8:00 a.m. to 4:15 p.m.

After Hours: If you have an urgent medical issue outside of regular business hours or it is a holiday, please contact: Radiation Oncologist on-call at 204-787-2071.

EMERGENCIES: Go directly to your closest Emergency Department, or dial 911.


Radiation Therapy Patient Guide

The Radiation Therapy Patient Guide will help you prepare for your radiation appointment. It will give you information about radiation therapy and what to expect before, during and after your treatment.

Radiation Information Translations

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