Colon Cancer Facts

ColonCheck recommends most people age 50-74 do a fecal occult blood test (FOBT) every 2 years. The FOBT is a simple, painless test done in the privacy of your own home. The FOBT can help find:

  • polyps before they turn into cancer, and

  • colon cancer in an earlier stage making it more easily treated.  

Colon Cancer Facts

  • Colon cancer is one of the most often diagnosed cancers in Manitoba.
  • 90% of colon cancer cases are found in those over age 50.
  • Colon cancer is one of the top three causes of cancer death in Manitoba.
  • 9 out of 10 times colon cancer can be cured if caught early.

Colon cancer, also known as colorectal or bowel cancer, originates from small growths (polyps) in the colon or rectum. You can have these growths for several years without having symptoms. Most polyps do not become cancerous. Some polyps can turn into cancer if they are not removed.

The colon is part of your body’s digestive system. It’s job is to move waste material, or things your body does not need, from the small intestine to the rectum.

Together the colon and the rectum make up the large intestine (bowel).

The small intestine absorbs most of the nutrients from what you eat and then passes on the leftover waste to the colon. The colon absorbs water from the waste. What is left is called stool (feces or poop). When you have a bowel movement, the stool leaves the rectum through the anus.

BreastCheck Guidelines


CervixCheck Guidelines

ColonCheck Guidelines

BreastCheck, CervixCheck, and ColonCheck operate population-based registries which allow us to:

  • identify individuals eligible for cancer screening,
  • send letters of invite, recall, reminder and result notification,
  • monitor data, and
  • evaluate program operations.

Invitation strategies used include:

  • direct mail,
  • collaborating with healthcare providers, and
  • health promotion activities.

Each program sends a variety of letter types on a pre-determined timeline.

NOTIFY Advise eligible individual that they will receive a test unless they contact the screening program     checkmark
INVITE Encourage eligible individual to participate in screening for the first time checkmark checkmark checkmark
RECALL Invite an eligible individual to participate in screening at the recommended interval checkmark checkmark checkmark
REMIND Sent after the initial invite to the eligible individual as a reminder to do the test checkmark checkmark checkmark
RESULT* Inform an individual of their screening test result. checkmark checkmark checkmark

*CervixCheck will send a result letter to a patient if they have a high-grade abnormal result or if the patient does not have appropriate follow-up listed in the CervixCheck registry.

For more information on each program's correspondence pathway, click below:

BreastCheck (pdf) | CervixCheck (pdf) | ColonCheck (pdf)


The CancerCare Manitoba Screening Programs have a team of Health Educators that plan, implement, and evaluate various education and health promotion activities for the public and providers on breast, cervical and colon cancer screening. Click below to:


Participation Rates by Community (pdf)

2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012

Participation Rates by RHA (pdf)

Northern Burntwood 2014 | 2013 | 2012
Northern Norman 2014 | 2013 | 2012
Southern Central 2014 | 2013 | 2012
Southern South Eastman 2014 | 2013 | 2012
Interlake-Eastern Interlake 2014 | 2013 | 2012
Interlake-Eastern North Eastman 2014 | 2013 | 2012
Prairie Mountain Assiniboine 2014 | 2013 | 2012
Prairie Mountain Parkland 2014 | 2013 | 2012

Winnipeg 2014 | 2013 | 2012
Brandon 2014 | 2013 | 2012