CancerCare Manitoba
 
 
 
Tanning Beds

 

Manitoba regulates indoor tanning for youth under 18 years

On January 1st, 2016 legislation came into effect in Manitoba that prohibits youth younger than 18 years from using indoor tanning equipment, unless they have a prescription from a health professional.

The legislation also prohibits tanning salons from using advertising or marketing targeting youth. Salons must update their warning signs, and provide protective eyewear to their customers. The legislation also bans the use of tanning equipment that is not controlled by an operator or employee who has been instructed in the proper use of the equipment.

These changes are the result of the dangers associated with ultraviolet (UV) exposure, especially for young people.

This legislation was framed on research linking indoor tanning with skin cancer. In 2012, the World Health Organization classified exposure to indoor and solar UV as a class 1 carcinogen - that is, UV is known to cause cancer. (1)

Indoor tanning even once before the age of 25 increases melanoma risk (which is the most serious form of skin cancer) by 35%, and indoor tanning for more than one year increases melanoma risk by 61%. (2) Indoor tanning has also been linked with other forms of skin cancer. (3-5)

Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer, and up to 9 out of 10 skin cancers can be prevented. (6) Manitoba is the ninth Canadian province to legislate a youth ban on indoor tanning. Brazil and Australia have banned commercial indoor tanning for all ages.

(1)  World Health Organization, 2012.
(2)  Colantonio, Bracken and Beecker, 2014.
(3)  International Agency for Research on Cancer Working Group on Artificial
      Ultraviolet (UV) Light and Skin Cancer, 2007.
(4)  Wehner MR, Shive ML, Chren MM, Han J, Qureshi AA, Linos E., 2012.
(5)  Zhang M, Qureshi AA, Geller AC, Frazier L, Hunter DJ, Han J., 2012.
(6)  World Health Organization, 2009.